23rd Sep 2012 10:11am | By Alasdair Morton
Time travel films are tough to get right – get the formula spot on and you have a cine-classic, like Back To The Future or Terry Gilliam’s 12 Monkeys.
Get it wrong and you can stumble into an indecipherable labyrinth of complications resulting in audience bafflement.
These were concerns that writer-director Rian Johnson was well aware of when he embarked on his time travel gangster thriller Looper.
“If you dig too deeply into any time travel construct it makes no sense and it’s going to hurt your head,” the east coast-born, California-raised filmmaker says.
“As a writer you have to consign yourself to being a card magician – you have to come up with a consistent set of rules and stick to them.
Your job’s to give the audience enough so the time travel will perform its function in your story, but then figure out how to misdirect with your other hand so they don’t spend the whole movie thinking too deeply about it.”
The action takes place in 2042; time travel is yet to be dreamt up, but that doesn’t mean the year is free from the effects of future users. Within the next 30 years, time travel is invented; by 2072, it has already been outlawed.
But people can still travel back, and, because of better forms of police detection, the practice has become a useful tool for criminals.
Rather than bumping people off using a pair of lead boots and the nearest river, they send them back 30 years to be eliminated by loopers.
These hitmen wait at pre-arranged locations, gun in hand, to kill the marked men – and they get a big payoff for their efforts.
The only rule is not to let your target get away. Of course, in Johnson’s tightly scripted thriller, this is exactly what happens to Joe when his older self is sent back.
Johnson’s third directorial offering sees him tackling a new genre.
After making his mark with high school noir Brick and conman caper The Brothers Bloom, Looper sees Johnson making his science fiction debut, and he brings the sort of witty, smart-mouthed dialogue and narrative surprises that we’ve come to expect from this hotshot filmmaker.
He re-teams with his Brick star Joseph Gordon-Levitt (The Dark Knight Rises) as looper Joe, with Bruce Willis (Die Hard) playing Joe’s older self, whose 2042 arrival sparks cause-and-effect time travel machinations that could change the future drastically.
As well as contending with grandfather paradoxes, Johnson had to convincingly portray the same character on screen at two different ages.
“If we were going to have this distinct a concept where they’re supposed to be the same person, I wanted some physical transformation,” Johnson says.
“It is one thing where you have flashbacks or forwards and the actors are never in the same scene, but [Willis and Gordon-Levitt] were going to be sitting across the table from each other.”
The answer was to subject the younger actor to three hours of prosthetic makeup every day to have him more closely resemble his co-star.
“I thought: let’s go the extra mile and make their profiles match a little bit, which was tough as they couldn’t look less alike.
We changed the shape of Joseph’s nose, gave his lip more of a shelf, adjusted his brow and changed his eye colour with contacts to make the connection stronger.” Gordon-Levitt even studied Willis’ mannerisms and speech to ensure their portrayals tallied up.
“Joseph wrapped himself around Bruce, who recorded Joseph’s voiceover lines and sent them to him so he could study how he [Bruce] would say them.”
Small adjustments like Bruceifying his lead were just part and parcel of Johnson’s dedication to making a sci-fi film rooted in the now, and is as believable as can be for a movie with such an outlandish premise.
He weaves his tale through a future that refracts the present to maximise effects.
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