Istanbul’s history lies back to 13C BC,to Myceanean Settlement which nothing is virtually known of. Its actual history starts with the founding of Byzantium in the 7C. According to the tradition, the founder of Byzantium was Byzas the Megarian, who established the colony of Megarians and Athenians on the acropolis above the heights of the Bosphorus and the Golden Horn. Before settling, Byzas had consulted the Delphic Oracle in Greece, who advised him to settle “the opposite of the Land of Blind”. What the oracle referred was Khalkedon which is known as

 

Kadikoy” today on the Asian part of Istanbul. The reason why the ancient Byzantium was founded on the Acropolis opposite to Chalcedon was its strategic position. Ottoman Sultan Mehmed “the Conquerer of Istanbul” was well aware of this fact that he had the Imperial Residence built on the same area as Byzas did centuries ago…

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