Moscow’s main international airports are Sheremetevo-2 and Domodedovo. There are many international trains to Moscow, the most famous being the weekly Trans-Mongolian and Trans-Manchurian services from Beijing; these arrive at Yaroslavl Station.
The other major access point for European Russia is St Petersburg, whose Pulkovo-2 Airport is well served with connections to London and other points in Europe. Most international trains from eastern Europe arrive at Vitebsk Station, while the popular twice-daily train service from Helsinki, Finland, pulls in Ladoga Station.
For many people, a trip across Russia is all about travelling on the train, principally the Trans-Siberian route, the world’s longest single rail-journey.Your Train is an invaluable site for planning train journeys to, from and inside Russia. This website will fill you in on the background details you need to making a booking on a Russian train.
Where the train doesn’t go there’s usually a bus — this will be cheap, but you get what you pay for, so don’t expect anything particularly luxurious or even comfortable.
In summer months, Russia’s great waterways take on their traditional roles as thoroughfares linking major cities: Volga cruises are popular, as is the river route from Moscow to St Petersburg and jaunts up the Yenisey River from Krasnoyarsk in mid-Siberia to within the Arctic Circle.
For some distant destinations, such as Kamchatka or Yakutsk, flying is the way to go. If the thought of flying some former Soviet rustbucket fills you with dread, fear not — many of the airlines that were spawned from the Aeroflot monopoly have decent safety records and planes in reasonable shape.